Do you know how to detect and prevent novel coronavirus infections?
Date:2020-02-06 13:31:32

How to prevent novel coronavirus infection at home?

(1)Enhance health awareness, exercise properly, sleep well and do not stay up late.In this way you can improve self immunity.

(2)Keep good personal hygiene habits, cover mouth and nose with paper towel when coughing or sneezing, wash hands thoroughly, do not touch eyes, nose or mouth with dirty hands.

(3)The room should be ventilated and kept clean.

(4)Try to avoid close contact with people who have respiratory symptoms (such as fever, cough or sneeze).

(5)Try to avoid crowded and confined places, mask must be worn when you go out.

(6)Avoid contact with wild animals and domestic animals.

(7)Adhere to safe eating habits, meat and eggs should be cooked thoroughly.

(8) Pay close attention to fever,cough and other symptoms, and go to doctor near by in time if such symptoms occur.

What are the clinical manifestations of novelcoronavirus?

Fever caused by novel coronavirus infection is the main manifestation. It can be associated with mild dry cough, fatigue, poor breathing, diarrhea, and other symptoms such as runny nose and expectoration.Some patients have mild onset symptoms, no fever, only headache, palpitation,chest distress, conjunctivitis, mild limb or back muscle pain. Some patients developed dyspnea one week later, and those with severe disease progressed rapidly. Mostpatients have a good prognosis, a few patients are in critical condition, even dead.

When go to the hospital

Fever and fatigue is the main symptom of novel coronavirus. Respiratory symptom is mainly dry cough, and gradually appeareddyspnea. Severe cases were manifested as acute respiratory distress syndrome,septic shock, difficult metabolic metabolic acidosis and dysfunctional coagulation disorder. Some patients have mild onset symptoms and no fever. Most of the patients are mild and have a good prognosis. A few of them are critically ill or even dead. If you have fever, fatigue or dry cough, it does not mean you have been infected.

However, if the following symptoms occur, they shouldbe investigated and diagnosed in the local designated medical institutions.

(1)Fever (axillary temperature ≥ 37.3 ℃), cough, shortness of breath and other symptoms of acute respiratory infection.

(2)In addition, they have a history of traveling or living in Wuhan, or they have been exposed to fever patients with respiratory symptoms from Wuhan with in 14 days before the onset of the disease, or they have a small-scale clustering disease.

Precautions for medical treatment


If the contact has symptoms, the designated hospital with fever clinic should be selected in advance.


Masks should be worn on the way to the hospital and the whole process of medical treatment.


Avoid taking public transportation. Call an ambulance or use a private vehicle to transport patients. If possible, open the window on the road.


The person in close contact with the disease should keep the respiratory tract clean and hands clean all times. When standing or sitting on the road and in the hospital, stay as far away from other people as possible (at least 1 meter).


Any surface contaminated by respiratory secretions or body fluids should be cleaned and disinfected with disinfectant containing diluted bleaching agent.


During medical treatment, the patient's illness and medical treatment process should be truthfully detailed. You should tell the doctor's recent travel and living history in Wuhan, the contact history of pneumonia patients or suspected patients, the contact history of animals, etc.